large and healthy population is the life and strength of a nation, and the
source of its success in science, art, agriculture and commerce.
Diet in pregnancy
Diet in pregnancy should be simple, light, nutritious and adapted to the requirements of the individual and the condition of the digestive system.
Avoid highly seasoned or rich food and alcoholic drinks.
Use tea and coffee in moderation.
Unusual supply of nourishment is needed during pregnancy to support the strength and aid the development of the foetus, is a false belief resulting either in an increased supply of food or a change from a plain and nourishing diet to full and generous living. Both of these errors are to be avoided because they may cause dyspepsia, nausea, heartburn, etc.
Where the digestive powers are good and eating is not followed by oppression, languor, nausea, heartburn, etc., there can be no harm in satisfying the appetite with such food as the patient is accustomed to and which she knows from experience agrees with her.
The cravings (longings for unusual or extraordinary food) and capricious appetite from which pregnant women often suffer should seldom be yielded to.
Clothing: During pregnancy body requires to be secured from injurious compression. Dress and under garments should be such that they may adapt themselves to the increasing size of these parts.
Tips to prevent nausea and morning sickness
Tips to prevent heartburn
Choose food wisely
Since there is an increased requirement of all the nutrients during pregnancy, it is suggested to consume a well balanced diet. A woman's need for calories, protein, vitamins, minerals, and water all increase during pregnancy. Your daily meals should consist of various food products from the different food groups, such as:
Milk and milk products: Dairy products provide numerous nutrients and are especially high in calcium and proteins. Calcium is essential in the formation of bones and teeth. If your intake isn’t sufficient, your baby can withdraw calcium from your bones, making you more at risk of developing osteoporosis later in life. If you don’t like to drink milk, try flavoring it with chocolate or a drop of vanilla or serving it chilled over ice. The other ways to enhance milk intake is to take milk products in place of milk as such. These include curd, cheese, butter, etc. One cup of curds contains the same amount of calcium as a cup of milk, so include it with snacks and meals or substitute plain curd for some of the mayonnaise in salad dressings. Another way to add milk to your diet is to choose pudding desserts.
Cereals grains, DALS and other pulses: Protein, a major nutrient in this group, is necessary for growth of new cells and replacement of old ones.
Vegetables: Vegetables provide vitamins A and C among other vitamins, minerals and fiber, which can help relieve constipation. Foods rich in Vitamin C are citrus fruits, cabbage, potatoes, spinach, green beans and tomatoes. Eating foods rich in Vitamin C helps the body absorb the iron in foods. The body does not store Vitamin C, so these foods are needed daily.
What to avoid
Pregnant women should be careful not to expose themselves to any risk of food poisoning, which is potentially very dangerous to the unborn baby.
If you follow the guidelines below, your risk of food poisoning will be low:
Hyperemesis gravidarum is uncontrollable vomiting during pregnancy that results in dehydration and ketosis. Diagnosis is clinical and by measurement of urine ketones, serum electrolytes, and renal function. About half of all pregnant women experience nausea and sometimes vomiting in the first trimester - a condition often called morning sickness, as these symptoms are often more severe in the morning. Some women may have nausea and vomiting throughout the pregnancy. The cause of morning sickness may be due to the changes in hormone levels during pregnancy.
It prevents adequate intake of food and fluids and may result in weight loss; nutritional deficiencies; and abnormalities in fluids, electrolyte levels, and acid-base balance. The peak incidence is at 8-12 weeks of pregnancy, and symptoms usually resolve by week 20 in all but 10% of patients. Uncomplicated nausea and vomiting of pregnancy is generally associated with a lower rate of miscarriage, but hyperemesis gravidarum may affect the health and well-being of both the pregnant woman and the fetus.
When HG is severe and/or inadequately treated, it may result in: